Wedge resection is a surgical procedure to remove a portion of the lung. It is performed to treat patients with benign and malignant disease of the lung or lung cancer.
Typically, we perform this procedure by the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique. At times, we use the most advanced robotic system called Da Vinci Xi to perform wedge resection. The name of the procedure is either “VATS wedge resection” or “Robot-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection.” We perform wedge resection by simply using a stapler to remove a portion of the lung. We perform the procedure through small incisions in the chest. We hold the area of lung and use a stapler to divide the lung. A chest tube is placed in the area at the end of the case to remove any air or fluid.
Overall, the risks of the operation are very low. Risks may include pneumonia, atrial fibrillation and prolonged air leak. Other risks may include bleeding and infection at the site of surgery. There is always a risk of needing to convert from a small incision to a larger incision to safely complete the operation.
Hospital Stay: 1 to 2 Days
After the operation, the patient goes to a recovery area called PACU or post-anesthesia care unit. Once the patient recovers from anesthesia, the patient is admitted to the floor. On average, patients are in the hospital for one to two nights. Patients start a regular diet during the night of the surgery along with pre-emptive pain control with around the clock pain medication. Every day, the chest tube is evaluated to determine if the tube can be safely removed. Once the patient’s chest tube is removed with good pain control, they are ready to continue the recovery at home.
We advise our patients to stay ahead of the pain with pre-emptive pain control. Instead of taking pain medication after having pain, we ask patients to take pain medication in regular intervals. The typical regimen for post-operative pain medication is:
3 days of Aleve (Naprosyn) 1 tab two times a day
5 days of Tylenol (Acetaminophen) 1 g three times a day
7 days of Neurontin (Gabapentin) 300 mg three times a day.
After 7 days, take Tylenol as needed. If this regimen is not adequate to control pain, we ask patients to call our office.
In order to further help with recovery from surgery, we advise patients to walk at least three times a day, work on the incentive spirometer, and sit in a chair for at least 6 hours a day for about a week after the surgery. We advise patients to avoid heavy lifting for 6 weeks. As long as the patient is not on narcotic pain medication, it is safe to drive.